Albania–Italy relations

Fascist Italy increased strain on Albania in the 1930s, and on April 7, 1939 invaded Albania, 5 months before the start of the Second World War. The Albanian armed resistance proved ineffective and, after a short defense, Italy occupied the country. On 9 April 1939 Albanian King Zog fled to Greece, and Albania ceased to exist as an independent country. The Balkan country grew to become a component of the Italian Empire and was was an Italian puppet state. At the tip of the 19th century, Italian naval strategists eyed the port of Vlorë (Valona in Italian) and the island of Sazan (Saseno) at the entrance to the Bay of Vlorë.

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The first Serb authors who appeared after World War II have been Mihailo Lalić and Dobrica Ćosić. Other notable submit-warfare Yugoslav authors such as Ivo Andrić and Meša Selimović have been assimilated to Serbian tradition, and both identified as Serbs.

The country has a growing mixed financial system categorised by the World Bank as an upper-center income financial system. In 2016, it had the 4th lowest unemployment price within the Balkans with an estimated value of 14.7%. Its largest trading partners are Italy, Greece, China, Spain, Kosovo and the United States. The lek (ALL) is the nation’s currency and is pegged at roughly 132,51 lek per euro.


Its entrenched custom of blood feuds between families and the absence of adequate law enforcement brought back a culture of lawlessness, violence and worry. But there are nonetheless no less than 210,000 illegally held firearms in Albania, a rustic of just below three million folks. At first glance, the truth that there may be one unlawful firearm for every thirteen residents appears to elucidate the soaring rate of gun deaths in Albania. In 2013, there were 5.86 gun-related killings for each one hundred,000 individuals, according to Washington University’sInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Technically Qualified Member of the Board of Appeal of the European Chemicals Agency at European Chemicals Agency (Brussels, Belgium)

But in November 1941 they began to face contrary manifestations and the resistance of some Albanians, organized mainly by the Communist Party of Enver Hoxha. The throne was claimed by King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, who was the official ruler of Albania until his abdication on 25 July 1943.

Western Powers put pressure to the Ottomans and in 1881, the Ottoman Army began the fighting towards Albanians. The Prizren League created a Provisional Government with a President, Prime Minister (Ymer Prizreni) and Ministries of War (Sylejman Vokshi) and Foreign Ministry (Abdyl Frashëri). In 1910, an Albanian rebellion spread from Pristina and lasted till the Ottoman Sultan’s go to to Kosovo in June 1911. The aim of the League of Prizren was to unite the 4 Albanian-inhabited Vilayets by merging the majority of Albanian inhabitants inside the Ottoman Empire into one Albanian vilayet.

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Some smaller Christian sects in Albania embody Evangelicals and several other Protestant communities together with Seventh-day Adventist Church, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Jehovah’s Witnesses. The first recorded Protestant of Albania was Said Toptani, who traveled around Europe and returned to Tirana in 1853, the place he preached Protestantism. Due to that, he was arrested and imprisoned by the Ottoman authorities in 1864. First evangelical Protestants appeared within the 19th century and the Evangelical Alliance was founded in 1892.

The 2011 census on faith and ethnicity has been deemed unreliable by the Council of Europe in addition to other inside and exterior organisations and groups. With the collapse of the isolationist communist regime, Albania’s geopolitical orientation between West and East and the role of Christianity and Islam turned debated among Albanian intellectuals and its politicians. In 1992 Albania became the one totally European member of the OIC, generating intense controversy within Albania as a result of considerations that Albania might drift from a secular European future. The Albanian government viewed membership within the OIC as being a bridge between the Muslim-Christian worlds and likewise as having a “civilising mission” position inside the Islamic world because of the Western orientation of Albania.

There had been different serious allegations in regards to the conduct of the census workers that might have impacted on the 2011 census results. There had been some reported cases where employees filled out the questionnaire about religion without even asking the members or that the employees used pencils which weren’t allowed. In some cases albanian dating sites communities declared that census employees never even contacted them. Additionally, the preliminary results released seemed to offer broadly totally different results, with 70% of respondents refusing to declare perception in any of the listed faiths, compared with only 16% of atheists and undeclared in the final results.

The census is regarded unreliable and inaccurate by the Council of Europe.Vlachs (Aromanians) stay in the south of the country, whereas Montenegrins and Serbs live within the north. Macedonians largely stay in Mala Prespa and the regions alongside the Macedonian border, known as ‘Golo Brdo’ and ‘Gora’. These embrace Aromanians, Balkan Egyptians, Greeks, Bulgarians, Bosniaks, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Serbs and Roma.


At least, 900,000 individuals left Albania throughout this era, about 600,000 of them settling in Greece. It decreased significantly in the north and south, while it elevated in the middle inside the cities of Tirana and Durrës.[quotation wanted] According to the Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) as of 1 January 2020[update], the population of Albania is 2,845,955.

Italian puppet state

Meanwhile, the Bektashi leadership also lambasted the outcomes, which even more drastically lowered their representation all the way down to 2%, additionally rejected the results and said it would conduct its own census to refute the results. A medical study from 2008 in Tirana on the relationship between non secular observance and acute coronary syndrome came upon that 67% of Muslims and 55% of Christians were completely religiously non-observant. The common attendance of religious establishments (no less than as soon as each 2 weeks) was low in each denominations (6% in Muslims and 9% in Christians), and weekly attendance was very low (2% and 1%, respectively).

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